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Astra youth

Survey on attitude towards abortion in Lithuania

In order to find out, what attitude towards abortion prevails in Lithuania, ASTRA Youth member organization, Family Planning and Sexual Health Association (FPSHA) carried out the anonymous online survey. 533 answers were collected. 71,9% of all respondents were young women (15-25 year olds), 21,6% were young adult women (26-35 year olds). 12,38% of all women who participated in the survey had an abortion, half of them (32 out of 66) were between 15 to 25 years old.

Respondents reported, that the biggest fear while choosing if to terminate pregnancy, is to experience the negative reaction from society. This can explain, why almost one third of women who had an abortion (23 out of 66) kept information about it in secret. Women, who terminated a pregnancy informed that they didn’t have comprehensive sexuality education at school and weren’t able to afford contraception because of its high price; they also lacked psychological support from their families and medical staff. They also reported that they didn’t have information where they can have abortion procedure, whether it is reimbursed or not.

The results of the survey also showed  that 73% of respondents had positive attitude towards the existence of an opportunity to have abortion, while 15,8% respondents expressed negative approach. The rest of respondents answered that their attitude ‘depends on situation’, ‘is neutral’ or is positive ‘only when we are talking about medical conditions, raped girl or families with low-income’. There were few answers that stated ‘I am in favour only on medical abortion or abortion till the 5th week’.  49,5 % of respondents stated that they support women who had the abortion, whereas 15,2% demonstrated negative opinion about such women. The rest of the respondents reported that they had neutral position, because they didn’t face the problem of unexpected pregnancy by themselves. There were only few respondents who answered: ‘I support such women, because abortion is a human right’. Also, 90,2 % of respondents believed that women who had an abortion experienced stigmatization. 80,7% of respondents agreed with the statement that stigmatization of abortion in society must be reduced. What’s important, 46,1% of respondents believed that the number of abortions could be reduced by improving  the access to contraception, and 44,7% respondents argued that comprehensive sexuality education has to be introduced to decrease abortion numbers.

Source: FPSHA